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Careers in Agricultural Science

Agricultural science

This article provides an exhaustive overview of the various careers in agricultural science. We’ll start off with the basic introduction to the field and then cover the job prospects and the top Institutes for agriculture.

Introduction to Careers in Agricultural Science

When we think about a career in agriculture, we imagine a farmer working in the field, or riding a tractor. In today’s age of technology, it’s not always like that. Agriculture is a big industry, and most of the careers are related to science and/or business. The agriculture industry plays a major role in the Indian economy by contributing approximately 15-20% of the GDP (Sources: IBEF & WebIndia123). Hence, if you have the passion, skills and knowledge, there are several opportunities.
The study of agriculture is called agricultural science or agricultural technology. The field combines the natural and social sciences, along with economics, engineering and management (particularly natural resources management and business management) of biological systems to practice, development and understand the fields of agriculture and forestry. Being related to the field of Life & Biological Sciences, agricultural science is multidisciplinary and inter-related to Food Science & Technology. Agricultural Science uses the fundamentals of biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics and statistics to solve the problems of agriculture-food industry. But, students also need to study economics and business management at the undergraduate level.
With a degree in agricultural science, you can have careers in the agricultural sector. Major domains within the agricultural sector include agribusiness, R&D organizations, public and private agencies, government and policy making agencies, and private consulting companies. Agricultural science involves research and development on production, processing, productivity of crops and end products for consumers. Agricultural science professionals play a vital role towards maintaining food supply of the society. Major activities include improving the quality and quantity of farming, improving crop yield, minimizing labour, conservation of soil and water, and pest control.

Major Areas and Scientific (R&D) Career Options Within Agricultural Science

The major four broad areas under agricultural sciences are food science, plant science, soil science and animal science.

Food Science

Food science combines the fundamentals of biochemistry, physical sciences and chemical engineering to study the physical, chemical and biological nature of food items. The field of food science and technology deals with the manufacturing, processing, treatment, preservation, and distribution of food. The objective of the field is to understand the principles of food processing and to improve the food quality for the general public. Read more about Careers in Food Science and Technology.

Plant Science

Students specializing in plant science study plant growth, reproduction, evolution and adaptation. Plant science professionals deal with agronomy (scientific management of soil and crop production), environmental science, plant breeding, and entomology (study of insects). Plant Science is very closely associated with soil science and plant biotechnology.

Plant biotechnology is itself a very exciting area of specialization with excellent career prospects. Plant biotechnology can be explained as the introduction of desirable traits into plants through genetic modification (transgenic biotechnology). Plant biotechnologists conduct research and development to increase the productivity and yield. One of the key objectives of plant biotechnology is creating reliable and sustainable food sources for the global mass. Plant scientists (and biotechnologists) apply sophisticated biochemical and genetic technologies to improve the nutritional value of crops and quality of seeds used to grow them. Besides, plant biotechnologists also work towards making crops resistant to droughts, diseases and other adversities. Last but not the least, plant biotechnology has also got significant applications in medical research.

Soil Science

Soil science is another important area within the broad field of agricultural science, and very inter-related to plant science. Soil science is a multi-discplinary field with applications in agricultural science, environmental science and earth sciences. Soil science deals with the studies of soil formation, soil classification, soil mapping, soil properties (physical, biological & chemical), soil fertility, soil erosion, and soil management.

Within the agriculture domain (also termed as Agricultural Soil Science), soil scientists primarily study the impact of soil composition on plant growth, and how various types of soils respond to fertilizers and crop rotation. The objective is to maximize the land usage and plant growth and productivity. Soil scientists can also find career opportunities in ecology-related roles. You can also find employment within the construction industry, and work with landscape architects to address soil related problems like drainage and erosion.

Animal Science

Animal science in simple terms, is the study of biology of the animals that are under the control of the mankind – livestock species like sheep, cow, cattle, pigs, poultry, horses etc. Within the agricultural space, animal scientists deal with the biological, physical and social sciences to address the problems associated with livestock production and management. Animal science also deals with food items of animal origin, such as meat, fish and dairy food items (eggs, milk etc.). Last but not the least, animal scientists and professionals are also responsible of taking care of the nutrition, safety and well-being of the animals. Animal scientists also employ biotechnology to study the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth and development of the livestock animals. The key objective is to improve the the production and processing of food items of animal origin, without jeopardizing the well-being and safety of the animals.

Business & Management Roles within the Agricultural Sector

The agriculture sector is not only about scientific research and development. There are various roles for students with business backgrounds as well. Almost half of all the professionals within the agricultural sector have got business related roles. Whether you are from science or commerce background, you can go for non-scientific roles such as marketing, technical sales, merchandising, economists, accountants, finance managers, commodity traders, and communication & education (social services). If for some reason, you want to do something outside the agriculture and food sector, you can always switch to textiles and fibre sectors as well.

Career Scope of Agricultural Science & Technology in India

India is one of the largest producers of vegetables, fruits and flowers in the world, and also a leading global leader in agriculture. A major part of the Indian economy is driven by agriculture. Over 58% of the rural households depend on agriculture as their principal means of livelihood. India is one of the largest exporters of agricultural commodities such as spices, flowers, mushrooms, oilseeds, milk, rice, food grains and other vegetables. More importantly, the society needs food, and hence agriculture will always be a lucrative career option.

India is the largest producer of milk, second-largest of sugar, leading producer of coconut and spices. Spice exports from India have been estimated at USD 3 billion by 2016-2017. The spice market in India valued approximately at INR 40,000 crore (USD 5.87 billion) annually, of which the branded segment accounts for 15% only. Whereas, the Indian agrochemical industry is expected to reach USD 6.3 billion by 2020.

The Indian government is also backing up the agriculture sector very strongly. The 2016-17 budget was a clear indication. Even the 2017-18 Union Budget pitched for more reforms in agriculture marketing and increased funds for insurance and irrigation schemes (Source: LiveMint). Agriculture credit has been raised to a record INR 10 Lakh Crore (Source: The Indian Express). Besides the Government, private bodes and foreign investors are also showing great interest in the Indian agricultural industry. As per the official reports of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), the Indian agricultural sector has attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflow of about USD 2.8 billion from April 2000 to March 2016 (Source: Govt. Of India). So, the future is definitely bright if you want to pursue a career in Agriculture.

Scope for Social Enterprise and Entrepreneurship in the Agricultural Sector in India

It is true the the Indian agricultural sector is facing some serious challenges as well. But, challenges mean there are more than enough opportunities. There are evidences as well. Several startups and entrepreneurs are coming up within the agricultural sector. Read about the Entrepreneurs and Innovation in Indian Agriculture, Top 10 Agri-Tech Social Enterprises in India, and Four Major Areas of Innovation in Indian Agriculture. Hence, if you are from science and/or business background, want to do something good for the society, and have got the entrepreneurial creature in you, then the agricultural sector is for you.

Career Scope Abroad for Agricultural Science & Technology

The career scopes in foreign countries like US, Australia, New Zealand and few European countries like Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Sweden, Switzerland, Ireland, Norway are excellent. Between 2015 and 2020, the US expects to see 57,900 average annual openings for graduates with bachelor’s or higher degrees in agricultural science and related disciplines. According to the USDA projections, almost half of the opportunities will be in the business and management domains. Around 27% will be in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. Jobs in sustainable food and biomaterials production will make up 15%, while 12% of the openings will be in education, communication, and governmental services. Below is a schematic about the employment opportunities in Agriculture sector in the US (Source: Oregon State University).

Pay Scale and Salary Structures for Agricultural Science Professionals

Freshers with a Bachelor degree (B.Sc. Or B.Tech.) can expect s starting month salary of INR 18,000 to 25,000. However, the salary structure depends a lot on the job role, skill portfolio and the graduating university or institute. As a serious drawback for the Life Sciences (or Biological Sciences) domain, the starting salary for fresh graduates could be as low as INR 9,000 per month, within the Government sector. But, don’t get discouraged by that; it also happens with fresh graduates (with mediocre profile) from engineering background, and even fresh MBA graduates. Govt. Jobs have got other benefits as well. The good thing is there are lot of job opportunities. More importantly, the remuneration is quite attractive once you have 2 – 3 years of experience under your belt. With 4 – 6 years of work experience, you can earn INR 6 – 10 Lacs per annum.

Higher education (Masters or PhD) always helps for any stream within Biological Sciences. This also opens up various job opportunities within the academia with handsome pay packages, along with great work-life balance. Master degree holders can expect an average starting salary of INR 3.6 Lacs. With 4 – 6 years of industrial experience, the pay package could be INR 9 – 16 Lacs per year. Research professionals within the academic setups can earn in the range of INR 55,000 to 80,000 per month.

Sources: PayScale, Glassdoor, WebIndia123.

Popular Job Categories and Career Options within Agricultural Science & Technology


  • Agricultural Science
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Agricultural Consulting & Data Science
  • Plant Biology
  • Plant Biotechnology (Plant Genetics & Plant Biochemistry)
  • Food Science & Technology
  • Horticulture
  • Dairy Farming
  • Dairy Science, Technology & Management
  • Agricultural Entomology
  • Forestry & Wild Life
  • Soil Science
  • Soil Ecology
  • Environmental Science & Ecology
  • Environmental Toxicology
  • Greenhouse & Landscape Management
  • Pesticide & Chemical Research
  • Rural Management
  • Veterinary Science
  • Animal Nutrition
  • Animal Husbandry
  • Agricultural Inspection & Quality Assurance
  • Agricultural Economics
  • Agricultural Business Management
  • Agricultural Finance & Accounting
  • Agricultural Sales, Marketing & Merchandising
  • Retail, Logistics & Supply Chain Management
  • Real Estate
  • Export & Import
  • Banking & Audit
  • Credit Analysis
  • Human Resources
  • Insurance & Risk Management
  • Journalism & Communication
  • Education & Social Services
  • Academic Research & Teaching

Know more about List of Top 10 Agricultural Companies in India, and Food & Beverage Industry in India & Abroad.

Required Education & Training for a Career in the Agriculture Industry

Ideally you should have Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) combination in your 10+2. It will be also advantageous if you study Mathematics as well at the Class 12 level. At Bachelors level, ideal courses are 3-year or 4-year degree courses in Agricultural Science, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Science and Technology, or Food Science and Agriculture. Alternative options at the Bachelors level are Food Science, Biotechnology, Environmental Science, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Botany etc.

To have a career in R&D, you will require a higher degree (Masters or PhD). You can gain more advantage by pursuing a higher degree from abroad. Given the scope of business and management within the agricultural sector, Masters degree in Finance, Marketing, Business Analytics, Data Analytics or an MBA can be very helpful.

MBA in Agri-Business

The agriculture sector demands a lot of planning, problem-solving and management skills. So, a general or specialized MBA can provide you a great career. Some of the key areas of MBA in Agri-Business are Agricultural Markets, Agricultural Pricing, Agricultural Law, Agricultural Trading & Merchandising, Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Data Analytics, and Farm Management. Know more about the Agriculture MBA programs.

Top Academic & Research Institutes in India

  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)
  • National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology
  • Pondicherry University
  • IISER Bhopal
  • Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
  • NIPER Mohali
  • BHU
  • University of Mysore
  • Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University
  • Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • Punjab Agricultural University
  • IIT Roorkee
  • K K Wagh College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology
  • Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute (IASRI)
  • Indian Veterinary Research Institute
  • National Dairy Research Institute
  • Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Cochin University of Science and Technology
  • Central Institute of Fisheries Education
  • University of Calcutta
  • University of Mumbai
  • Jamia Millia Islamia University
  • NIT Silchar
  • NIT Hamirpur
  • Vaugh School of Agricultural Engineering and Technology

Please be advised that the above list is not based on any ranking. I have listed down the names that have been listed consistently in various portals like CollegeDuniya, Careers360, Shiksha etc.

Top Foreign Universities for Higher Studies and Research

  • Wageningen University
  • UC Davis
  • Cornell University
  • UC Berkeley
  • China Agricultural University
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • University of Sao Paulo
  • Ghent University
  • Aarhus University
  • University of Hohenheim
  • Australian National University
  • Oregon State University
  • University of British Columbia
  • University of Queensland
  • ETH Zurich
  • Norwegian University of Life Sciences
  • University of Copenhagen
  • Michigan State University
  • University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
  • University of Florida
  • Texas A&M University
  • Ohio State University
  • University of Reading
  • Newcastle University
  • Queen’s University Belfast
  • Royal Veterinary College
  • University of Nottingham
  • Bangor University

Please be advised that the above list is not based on any ranking. I have listed down the names that have been listed consistently in various portals like US News, QS Top Universities, Shanghai Rankings etc.

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Tanmoy Ray
About Tanmoy Ray
Tanmoy has a Pharmacy & Pharmacology background with 5 years of research experience. He has worked at the University of Oxford (UK), Utrecht University (Netherlands) and University of New South Wales (Australia). Want to discuss career-related concerns or need personalized guidance with choosing the right universities, deciding application strategy, scholarships or anything else related to higher studies abroad? Book a 1:1 counseling session (Telephone / Skype) with Tanmoy by clicking here.

82 thoughts on “Careers in Agricultural Science”

  1. Hello Sir,

    I am a post graduate in Microbiology with 1 and a half years of research exp in Animal Cell culture. I qualified for CSIR with LS. I only want to take up my career as a researcher. Now I am trying to join for a PhD programme abroad esp in Germany . But the problem is I did my masters in Microbiology but I want to do research in Molecular biology related to Central nervous system or Cardiovascular system because it was my dream to become a doctor in that and due to some unfortunate events I had to chose a degree in Microbiology. So now I want to do research in that field with mol bio background. And I am confident in my knowledge in molecular biology and CNS. Reading mol bio texts and medicine books have become a habit of mine. What i need answering is – Will my degree in Microbiology act as a hindrance if I am to apply in such a lab? If so how well can I make them understand that I am really interested and capable? A SoP is needed to apply for it. I have looked up how well to write a SoP. But I am not confident how perfectly well to write it. What all to write in it? And not to write in it? Kindly help with that.
    Do we need to send a project proposal also when we apply to a PI directly for the first time? How to write a proposal? I saw that Project proposals are almost 500 words. Please help Sir. And regarding emailing the PI for the first time. What all essentials should I include in the subject and body? How perfectly well to write an email so that my email stands out with hundreds of other applications? And what all attachments needed? Eagerly waiting for your reply Sir.

    • Hi Gayathry,

      Biomedical Science is very multi-disciplinary and broad. So, it won’t be too hard to switch to molecular biology field. However, your practical skills will matter when it comes to applying for PhD in abroad. Apart from cell culture, you will require to showcasing skills in PCR, Western Blot etc. Same goes for specific fields. Enzyme assays or patch-clamp techniques can help you to get into Cardiovascular or Neuroscience fields.
      For SOP, please refer to online samples. You can also refer to this article:
      While contacting professors for the first time, you don’t need any proposal. However, you do need to write 3 – 4 lines about your research interests and goals. Have a look at this article:
      If you need any professional help with SOP or PhD application, please send an email at If you need any professional help, please write to

  2. Hello sir,
    I have 4 years bachelor’s degree in Biotechnology from an ICAR University & i am expecting a valid GATE score what can i do with them?

    • Hi Kanika,
      If you wish to have a career in the research field, you can go for M.Tech. in Biotechnology, Food Science & Technology, Food Biotechnology, Agricultural Science/Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical or Medical Biotechnology.
      You can also go for other roles like Marketing, Communication (Scientific Writing) etc. after M.Tech.

  3. Dear Tanmoy Sir,

    My son is pursuing his third year in biotechnology engineering from Tsec , Mumbai and intend to pursue Food Biotechnology for his masters, could you please guide me with the best universities abroad,he intends to appear for his GRE,Toefl this year end for the same, so that he can plan accordingly. its all confusing at this stage, he is also open to options in india for food biotech but look forward to getting a good start and settlement in future in the Food sector. could you please guide me further he is also looking out for internships in food sector which will add in his CV. Kindly advise universities abroad which are not only far fetched as far as placements is concerned, but also give scholarships or are not very costly.

  4. hello sir..
    …..I have completed my BSc biotechnology from govt Holkar science college. Now I am thinking to do MSc biotechnology from a prestigious university or institute like IIT, TIFR, JNU, BHU etc. If I will go for research after my MSc. How much package I can get as a researcher?

    • Hi Sakshi,
      The pay scale varies a lot in the research sector. As a fresher, you can earn something between 18K to 30K per month. With 3 – 5 years of experience, you can reach 40K – 50K per month. If you develop a lot of in-demand technical skills (e.g. HPLC-MS, handling robotic set-ups for cell-based assays), you can earn much more.

  5. Dear Tanmoy,
    I am Khushi and appearing 10+2 exams in 2017 ( weak in physics). I have a doubt, is it a good idea to do BSc nursing then move to MSc – PhD in molecular medicine/ stem cell biology in abroad, So that I may never have shortage of job at least nursing Or should I go for BSc agriculture then do MSc- PhD in agriculture abroad. Which is better success rate.

    • Hi Khushi,
      It would very hard (and might be impossible) to switch to Molecular Medicine or Stem Cell Biology with a Nursing background. It’s better if you pursue BSc in Biology, Biotechnology, Molecular Cell Biology etc.
      You could also consider Bachelors in Agricultural Science or Food Science & Agriculture. That will give you various job opportunities.

  6. Hello Sir,
    I am currently studying in 3rd year chemical engineering. Mine is a MBA- tech course which has MBA plus engineering of 5 years. I am thinking of taking Projet Management as my specialization.
    I am thinking to do my masters in Pharmaceutical science/analysis or quality control or something realted to that. Which will be the better place? US Or UK?
    I wont to do my MS immediately after my 5th year. Can you please guide me with the country as well as the top colleges there?
    And also which field in pharma will have a greater scope in future?
    It will be really nice if you help me out Sir.

    • Hi Param,
      For MSc Pharmaceutical Analysis, both UK & US are good destinations. But, right now the job market is a bit hard in the UK. UK is better for other fields like Pharmacology, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics etc., where you can go for research roles. If you have got interest in Analytical Chemistry (very close to Pharmaceutical Analysis), then also UK is decent. For jobs in the field of Pharmaceutical Analysis, US, Australia, and Canada will be better options.

  7. Sir i have completed my MSC in medical Biochemistry from JIPMER. After that I have worked as a faculty in medical college for few years. NOW IM moving to Virginia, USA on dependent visa. Are there any opportunities to continue my career in USA. Can you please suggest me

    • Hi Priyanka,
      As far as I know, H1B dependents are not allowed to work in the US (I am not an expert in this field).
      You could consider MS/PhD in the US. There are good universities – University of Virginia, Virginia State. They are good for Biochemistry. But, that’s your choice if you want to continue education or not.
      Sorry, I can’t help too much in this case.

  8. Hi sir..
    I have completed my biotechnology
    .Am I very late for applying for the masters degree starting in the fall session of 2017…If I am not kindly suggest me where I can. Apply..

  9. Hi Tanmoy,
    I am completing my Ph.D. in molecular biotechnology in India this year. I want to transit to biotech industry in India.
    As I am a fresher can you please suggest me how do the companies recruit freshers?
    Do they recruit only through their web portals or also through placement consultants?
    Is it very difficult to get hired as a fresher?

    • Hi Priya,
      First of all, you need to change your mindset a little bit. Since you will be finishing your PhD, you should not consider yourself a fresher. PhD is not a typical academic program. You have been actually working. It might not be a company, but it requires a lot of hard work and skills. You need to keep these things in mind.
      I would advise you to try out multiple routes.
      Explore the “Careers” section of the companies like Biocon, Sun Pharma, Cipla, Dr. Reddy’s, Advinus etc. You might not find current openings. But, you will get some insights. Approach the Headhunters and Talent Acquisition Professionals for Life Sciences and Biotech domains. Reach out to them on LinkedIn. Try companies like Biojobz ( Check out the relevant forums like Biotecnika (
      The number of R&D positions in India is not very high. So, you need to keep patience. It’s always good to start the job hunting before finishing the PhD (at least 6 months). You should also network vigorously. Apart from technical skills, do focus on the soft skills, CV etc. As per my personal experience, the majority of PhD candidates from India make 4-5 page CV. It’s an absolute NO.

      Good Luck!

  10. Hi sir,
    I’m pursuing my graduation in Bsc Chemistry right now. Is Msc Food science and technology a good option for me to do my PG ? Is this has a good scope. I’m planning to take my masters from the Kerala University Of Fisheries And Ocean Studies in kerala is that a good choice.

    • Hi Renjith,
      Masters in Food Science & Technology is a good option after BSc Chemistry.
      Regarding the institute – check out the infrastructure and faculty profiles. You should check out if there are Faculty Members from the Food Science and/or Technology background. Few profiles should be there who have got industry experience (and not just academic research/teaching experience).
      Good Luck.

  11. Hello everyone ,
    I m going to complete my gradauation in bsc life sciences from du and i am the topper for the past 2 years with an aggregate of 90% . I want to go for higher studies and i have shortlisted masters in food science and tech . So can anyone plz guide me that is this a better career option for me .and also i hv seen that food tech comes under the long term sol list for new zealand . So plz reply and guide me for the same

    • Hi Sahil,
      New Zealand is indeed a great option for Food Science & Technology. The top 100 Food & Beverage companies in NZ generate ~NZD $50 Billion annually. NZ exports a lot of processed and packages food items, and among the Top 15 countries globally. So, do go ahead.
      I am not sure about the guidance part. Are you talking about guidance for university selection and application for Masters programs in New Zealand?

  12. Sir i am going to complete my ug in bsc zoology.can you tell me which one is the best msc in biotecnology or forensic science. Which field has more job with fruitfull salary both in india as well as in abroad?

    • Hi Thilaga,
      Both courses have got good prospects. The biotechnology route will require a PhD to be successful (in financial terms) in the long run. A Masters degree can be good enough for Forensic Science. But, PhD can always help you to demand higher salaries.
      If you have got aspirations of working abroad – it’s better to do the Masters from abroad itself.
      All the best!

    • For PG courses, you need to appear for GPAT. For UG level, you need to appear for State level exams or AIPMT. Unfortunately, I am not 100% sure about the exams for admission at UG level in India.

  13. Hai sir, Im sirisha studing B.pharm 3rd year.. Sir, i want a good pay jobs… M in a dilemma of choosing pharmacovigulence or GPAT.. I need a best suggestions from you..

  14. HI Tanmoy,

    My name is Zaid. I have completed Msc in Biotechnology from D.Y.Patil University, Navi Mumbai.. did my dissertation in NCCS,Pune involving dna sequencing and fingerprinting and a phylogenetic analysis…worked as a trainee at Biocon for 2 months and finally working as a microbiologist in water plant. I have three research papers in international journals with an impact factor of 1.4 to 1.6 because it is a cyanobacterial taxonomical journal from NCCS. I have given Gate and Csir and Also DBT exams and I want to pursue my career in research by doing a PhD. i have started applying abroad but i am not having ielts or toefl certificates. I am planning to give ielts next month so that i have the certificate by May..because June is the deadline for most applications. Can you please give me some pointers as to how can i improve my application or what does the PI look for in an application (sop) ? Also to which field will I have an advantage of getting selected as I am experienced in dna sequencing as mentioned above. THANKS!

  15. hello sir,
    I am Anu.
    I am doing BSc. with subjects botany,zoology, and chem. Can i do Msc. in Biotechnology..
    And I want to do Msc. in india with best university. suggest me some name…
    do i have any other scopes after doing Bsc. i am interested in research but i want to do some job first ….for few years
    i am confused about my career plz give me some advice..

  16. Hi sir
    I am presently in first year of bsc microbiology (hons) from calcutta university .i want to know which master is better msc food technology from cftri or msc biotechnology .i need to get job immediately after my master and then i can plan for phd. Kindly help me to decide

  17. Hello sir,
    Firstly I would like to thank you for providing us with such a useful site. I am student from B.Sc. with biotechnology and further seeking for M.Sc. Foodtech I want to know whether I have to prepare for particular entrance test for this field and where it would be best to go for M.Sc. (abroad or India) as i want to settle in abroad only.
    Thank u

  18. Greetings Sir,
    Kirubakaran here with Bachelor’s degree in Biotechnology from SASTRA University with CGPA of 8.1/10. I have 2 years of work experience in Product life cycle management of Medical Devices in reputed MNC. I wanted to pursue Master’s in regulatory affairs field wherein I sorted Utrecht University’s Masters in drug innovation (Regulatory affairs track). What would be my chance of getting full scholarship? Thanks in advance for your reply

    • The Utrecht option is a good one. Full scholarships are always competitive. It’s hard to say about your chance. Presenting a solid application and well before the application deadline will be critical.
      All the best!

  19. hi Sir my name is doing bsc in in amritsar 2nd year my parents forced me to do job at nestle industry moga but am not willing to do that.. I want to do something extra nd unique…what r d opportunities for jobs after my bsc..can u plz help me

  20. Hello sir, i am in last year of BSc biotechnology and i want go into the field of pharmaceutical companies for sales and marketing….. So, give me suggestions to improve my career in pharma….

    • Apart from few companies, it is possible to get a job in Pharmaceutical Sales (Medical Representative) jobs without a B.Pharm backgroud. There are plenty of jobs available in this field.
      You need to know about Anatomy and Physiology, Human Biology, Pharmacology, Drugs & Dosage. You will get training during your first month. So, don’t worry too much. However, excellent communication skills is a must. It’s also advantageous if you have got a 2-wheeler along with proper documents (to keep Traffic authorities happy) and a helmet (for your own safety).

      Good Luck!

  21. Hello sir,
    I have completed B.Sc biotechnology with 74% from banasthali university in 2016. I am good at biotechnology i luv to study genetics applications in plants and animals but i hate chemistry and physics a lot, i can study these subjects just to pass exams that too with gud marks but i dont find these subjects interesting.
    After graduation my parents told me to skip M.Sc option and prepare for MBA Competitive exams as there is no scope for biotech in India and i felt lyk wasted 3 years in studying biotechnology because i didn’t knew that time how to let my parents believe that there is a scope of biotechnology and let me do biotechnology from private institution i luv to study biotech and i find this subject interesting.
    As a result of this i continued with MBA entrance preparation and failed miserably now although i am getting call from some colleges for MBA but i don’t find any point in doing what i really don’t like.
    Now please guide me how to tackle this situation how can i make my parents believe that i love studying biotech i find it interested,India needs biotech applications AND there is 1000s of students who are running like anything without particular aim for professional IT course but our biotech industry is struggling it needs youngsters.
    please guide me sir.

    • Hi Akshita,
      Sorry, I couldn’t reply to you earlier. It’s little unfortunate because biotechnology and life science careers still take the backseat in India.
      The best thing would be to speak to one of your teachers or a counselor along with your parents. You also need to convey your passion and love for the domain. It might take some time, but it is likely to work.

  22. HI Sir,

    I have done my B.Sc in Chemistry in 2002 and Diploma in Pharmacy in 2005. I have experience of working 5 year as Pharmacist in Medical Shop and 6 years as HR Executive in Royal Scotland Bank.

    I want to work abroad as Pharmacist, request you to please assist me what procedures have to be completed, so that I can visit the same.

  23. Hi. Sir. I m. Afsana. I m currently. Studying in class12 pcb and I m very much confused career whether to take mbbs. Or do. Bsc. In agriculture. I m not. Comfortable. With mbbs because of increse in umemployment in doctor and the. Time required to complete it . Can u please help me. And tell me what can do with bsc agricultire and further and .also any other option

    • Hi Afsana,
      It’s true that the Medical field requires a lot of time and dedication. MBBS+PG (and maybe another specialization) will take minimum 7- 10 years. But, unemployment is not the case for Medical Graduates (as far as I know).
      Regarding careers in agricultural science – I have mentioned all the major careers and job categories in the above blog post.
      You could also consider Biotechnology or Biomedical Science.

  24. from sri lanka. i hope to take admissions to do bsc in biotechnology. bt im little confused. cz i just want to do a job after completing my what fields can i get a job after completing the degree.should i want to do msc ,to get a job???

    • Hi Hasee,
      If you are keen to do job after Bachelors, go for a 4-year Bachelor program in Biotechnology. That will help you to get a job with decent paycheck at the entry-level.
      Hope this helps.

  25. Hello Sir,just saw your blog.extremely good work you are doing.I have selected for inspire fellowship this I have one year time to take admission.So I have applied IISC n JNCSR in Bangalore for my is it necessary to do PhD from pharma institute because very few pharma institute left option for PhD??it is not having consequences later on little confused.want your valuable advice.thank you Sir.

  26. hi sir. how difficut would it be for an indian dentist without a research background to pursue a phd by research in duke nus singapore.

    • To be honest, it would be like flying an airplane without proper training and holding a license.
      I would advise you to go for MS in Oral Biology, Molecular Biology (or related programs) first, and then go for PhD.

  27. Hello Sir,
    I am completing B.Pharm in this month.
    I have heard about MS FORENSIC PHARMACY – Specialization in NDDS at Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, Gandhinagar-Gujarat. They have all the facilities related to Nanotechnology based pharmaceutical research. How is the scope of NDDS in industries?

    • Hi Divya,
      NDDS will always have scopes in the industry. More and more pharmaceutical companies are now moving towards generics and bio-pharmaceuticals (especially, peptide therapeutics). So, there will always be scopes for research and innovation in the segment of NDDS.

      For other readers:
      NDDS stands for Novel Drug Delivery System. NDDS allows usage of higher dosage one tablet, instead of two-three of lower dosage without any discomfort and reduction in efficacy.

  28. Hello Sir,
    I am doing my final year of B.Tech Biotechnology. I have GATE AIR 81. I am interested in studying in NUS or NTU.
    I would like to know if it is better to go for M.S. or direct Ph.D. Thank you.

    • Hi Lavz,
      If you do your Masters abroad, the chances of getting a PhD abroad will be comparatively easier. With a AIR of 85 in GATE, you could definitely consider Singapore and Germany for MS.

  29. Hello Sir,
    I have scored 6.43/7 cgpa in bsc biotech (first class) and 2.77/4.00 cgpa (second class) in msc biotech. I have not given gre toefl exams as yet coz i am a little apprehensive about getting admission for phd in abroad. Is it possible to get a fully funded admission in phd with not so great grades?

  30. Hi Tanmoy
    Sir I have done B.Tech in Biotechnology from integral university , Lucknow , India in (2016). After that i have joined 6 months DBT -BCIL BITP programme (September2k16-March2k17), But after that i am not getting affordable job in our field. So please tell what to do , i want to build my carrier in same field but at present situation there is no scope of biotech under UG. If i should go for PG then guide me which is best for me as per future prospectives/JOB/Salaries in India. please tell which is best Mtech Food tech or i should contniue my Mastres in same field Biotech.
    Please help me m vey nervous & confused too.

    ThanK You

  31. Hi Tanmoy Sir,
    I have finished my UG by May 2016 and I am currently working in Biocon into the Quality team. I am planning to start doing M.Tech in Biotechnology by 2018 after giving my GATE exams. Please suggest if it is a better idea to do my masters after having a year and a half of working experience or is it better to continue my job? Or is there a better option out of these?
    Awaiting your reply eagerly.

    • Hi Fazi,
      Doing a Masters with 1-2 years of industrial experience will be great for you. Biotechnology is that kind of field, where a Masters degree from a good institute will be helpful in both short-term and long-term as well.

  32. Hello sir, im soumya and i have just appeared my 12th boards….. I want to make my career in biotechnology… can you please suggest the names of the colleges which are best for biotech so that i can apply there..

  33. HI Tanmoy,
    I am very happy to see your replies to all those who put forward their Queries in Bio field. I felt it will be helpful for me as well to get an input from you and based on it i can make my plan further. I did my BZC and MSC life sciences, Diploma in Drug Designing, MA in English, Diploma in German Language, Have 2 years of Teaching experinece In biosciences. Due to unavoidable reasons I had to shift to HR field in which I have 6 years of Experience. Now I want to go abroad pursue higher education, at this point of time for me there are 2 options a PHD or MBA ? Can you please Give your inputs. I am fine with both. but also looking for secured Job and pay package! Thank you in nadvance.

    • Hi Anitha,
      If you wish to pursue a career in biomedical or drug research, you might need to go through the Masters route. Since, you are out of the core field, it’s better to go for M.Sc. first, and then PhD. Since you also know German language, you could consider Germany for Masters. There are few universities (e.g. Ulm University) that allow students to switch to PhD track after 18 months of M.Sc. track. Alternatively, you could also go for integrated MS+PhD program in the US.
      Practically speaking, since you have already got 6 years of experience in the HR domain, MBA could be a better option at this stage of your career.
      Let me know if you have got further queries.

  34. hi sir
    i am geetika bhandari from punjab,i am doing B.Sc in Biotechnology from PUNJAB AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY(P.A.U), ludhiana ,punjab….i am very confused which feild to opt for my M.Sc degree main aim is to learn n earn more income with short time study like a secured job with salary of 50-60k per month after my msc degree , i prefer to do my msc degree and my job in canada only ,if not possible then in USA…. i am interested in research work basically ,cancer research,biomedical sciences,molecular medicines,r&d ,msc biotechnology,immunology,microbiology,botany,drug designing

  35. hi sir
    i am geetika bhandari from punjab,i am doing B.Sc in Biotechnology (4 from PUNJAB AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY(P.A.U), ludhiana ,punjab n i am just to complete my 3rd yr.n my 4th will be beginning soon in june month ….i am very confused which feild to opt for my M.Sc degree in next yr. My main aim is to learn more in whatever feild i opt for n earn more income with short time study like a secured job with salary of 50-60k per month after my msc degree , i prefer to do my msc degree and my job in canada only ,if not possible then in USA…. i am interested in research work basically ,cancer research,biomedical sciences,molecular medicines,r&d ,msc biotechnology,immunology,microbiology,botany,drug designing….PLZ GUIDE ME SIR

    • Hi Geetika,
      I would suggest you to go for Masters (followed by PhD) in Canada. There are few excellent universities like UBC, Toronto, McGill, McMaster for biomedical research including cancer research.
      I think this is the best time to get started. You need to apply to the Canadian universities for Fall 2018 by December 2017. If you need any further help, please feel free to post here, or contact me via LinkedIn.
      Good Luck!

  36. Hi,
    I am confused as to what degree to choose. Should I choose B.pharm or Bachelors of biomedical science?
    I like biology and chemistry.Also, I did’nt really like maths. Not really sure what I want to pursue. I kind of want to do drug research or research in a similar field. Biomedical field is broader compared to pharmacy.
    Can i pursue bpharm and still work in biomedical field?
    Is there particular factors like content, scope that might help me decide?
    thank you for taking the time and replying to questions.

    • Hi Jessy,
      Pharmacy will involve Maths to a significant extent. Drug formulations, drug’s absorption within the body & elimination from the body, and various other aspects require Maths. Although, it won’t be like the level of Engineering streams.
      You don’t necessarily need to deal with too much Maths if you go for Biomedical Science. You could definitely move on to Drug Research with a background in Biomedical Science.

  37. Hie I have completed my BSc Biotechnology from Mumbai University! I would like to know about doin Patent law after BSc and also i am interested in Food technology? Is it better to do Food technology from India pr abroad? If abroad which are the top universities?

    • Hi Kamya,
      You could go for a course in Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) after B.Sc. for pursuing a career around patents. It’s a good career path for biotechnology students. Lot of time will be spent on reading, online research, analysis and write up. You also need to understand the technology very well.
      Food Science is a also a great career option. There are quite a few good institutes in India. However, for a subject like Food Science, I would advise foreign universities will be better if you want to pursue a career in R&D. You can find the list of institutes in this blog post:

  38. Hello Sir I have got Msc Mol bio with 6.71 cgpa from WBUT main campus(Dr.jaya bandopadhyay’s dept).I have 1.5 years exp in plant tissue culture from agriculture canada and 6 months internship experience in plant biotech from mulberry biotechnology lab of the indian central goernment.
    Likewise you mentioned about PhD in biomedical science can you give me some details about how to find a PhD in Plant biotech/agribiotech/plant molecular biology in likewise institutes-oxford plant science,cambridge plant science or irri phiipines etc

  39. i am sachin vairalkar , Territory manager at shri Ram bioseed and genetics i have completed my B.Sc. in microbiology and i want to do M.Sc. in Agriculture stream , is it possible ??
    My last company was B.A.S.F. according to that company my Microbiology is not beneficial as agriculture if i woul like to make my career in agriculture field?
    please comment give me satisfactory answer, guidance.

    • Hi Sachin,
      Microbiology plays a vital role in agricultural science. There are several plant-associated diseases that involve microbes. Besides, microbiology also comes into play when you have to deal with soil fertility, microbial degradation of organic matter etc.
      You could definitely go for M.Sc. Agricultural Science, Soil Microbiology or Agricultural Biotechnology.
      Hope this helps.

  40. Dear Sir,
    I completed post graduation(M.Tech) in Chemical engineering, But I am very much interested in Agriculture field, would like to learn that subject. As of now I don’t have knowledge in AGRICULTURE, but I hope that I could learn with interest. But sir, I don’t know the colleges that offer an admission for me. Can you please suggest, is there any interdisciplinary course offered for agriculture?

  41. Hello Sir
    I have a friend who is from Nigeria who have completed his masters in Agriculture Extension from India, Gujarat under scholarship. Will there be any job opportunity for him to work here in India or abroad in the agricultural sector?
    Thank you

    • To be honest, I am not too sure about the work permits for international students in India. I would suggest your friend check out with his College in India.

  42. Hi sir, I am studying in aakash institute in medical batch , sir I wanted to became a plant researcher to help Indian agriculture system. So I want to ask that is MBBS is necessary for becaming a plant researcher and should I qualify meet exam.

    • Hi Prashant,
      MBBS is not required to get into Plant Science. Ideally, you will need a Bachelor degree in Biology, Botany, Life Science or Agricultural Science.

  43. Hello. I graduated this year with a B.E in Biotechnology. Am I eligible to write ICAR AIEEA? If not what can i do to get a masters in plant sciences?


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